Home Loan Procedure: Step-by-Step Process for Home Loan

Home Loan Procedure

6 mins reading

Last updated on 8th March 2024

Getting a home loan is a big step towards owning your dream home. It starts with you filling out an application and providing some documents. The bank takes a good look at everything to make sure you can handle a loan and that the property is worth it. Once they give you the thumbs up, they'll let you know how much you can borrow. The last step? They give you the money, and you start your journey as a homeowner. It's a process, but knowing what to expect in a home loan procedure can make it a lot easier. 

Table of Contents

Step By Step Guide for Home Loan Application Process

  • Step 1: Fill out the home loan application form  
  • Step 2: Attach the necessary documents
  • Step 3: Submit the application form and attach documents
  • Step 4: Pay the processing fee
  • Step 5: Wait for the bank application review
  • Step 6: Interaction with the bank representative
  • Step 7: Bank representative will visit your home
  • Step 8:  Recieve sanction letter from the bank
  • Step 9: Sign duplicate sanction letter copy
  • Step 10: Choose the property you want to purchase
  • Step 11: Legal Check of Submitted Documents
  • Step 12: Drafting final registration of the deal
  • Step 13: Signing the home loan agreement
  • Step 14: Loan Disbursal

Step 1: Fill out the home loan application form  

Fill out the loan application form to begin the house loan process, start by filling out the application form. This form will ask for some basic information about you, such as your name, phone number, residential address, monthly or yearly income, educational background, employment details, and the property you wish to purchase.

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Step 2: Attach the necessary documents

The next step is to attach the necessary documents. Typically, this includes income proof, identity (ID) proof, age proof, address proof, employment details, educational certificates, bank statements, and property details (if finalized).

Step 3: Submit the application form and attach documents

Submit your application with your application form and documents ready, you can submit them to the bank. They'll carefully review everything to assess your eligibility for the loan and the worthiness of the property. That's it! Your home loan journey has begun!

Covering the Groundwork - Pay the Processing Fee

Once the initial home loan process steps of your journey are completed, the next important stage is paying the processing fee.

Step 4: Pay the processing fee

Pay the processing fee once the formal application and document submission process is done. This fee is essential for maintaining your loan account and handling certain paperwork each year, like IT certificates and post-dated cheques.

Unveiling the Fee Structure: The processing fee usually ranges from 0.25% to 0.50% of the requested loan amount. Let's say you've applied for a home loan of Rs. 15 lakh. The processing fee would be Rs. 3,750 at 0.25% and Rs. 7,500 at 0.50%.

Remember, this fee may include a commission for the agent handling your home loan process but don't worry. Many banks have a flexible fee structure that can be negotiated. It's worth trying to discuss and bargain the processing fee to get the best possible deal.

Keep up the enthusiasm and determination as you progress towards becoming a homeowner! 

Building Trust - Engaging with the Bank and Valuation of Your Documents

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Step 5: Wait for the bank application review

With your application and documents submitted, it's time to eagerly await the bank's review. The good news is that the process typically takes just 1-2 days or even less if everything is in order.

Step 6: Interaction with the bank representative

The bank may request a face-to-face interaction to get to know you better and ensure that you can comfortably manage the loan with interest. It's a wonderful opportunity to showcase your commitment and enthusiasm for owning your dream home. Ensure all your documents are authentic and accurate, as the bank meticulously examines every detail. Avoid any fraudulent activity, as it can lead to serious consequences. A transparent and genuine approach will expedite the approval process.

Step 7: A Bank representative will visit your home

Next, a bank representative may visit your home or workplace for verification. They might also reach out to the references you've listed in the application. This ensures a strong bond of reliability between both parties.

Keep your spirits high and your communication open as you continue on this rewarding journey to homeownership. 

The Crucial Approval - Sanction/Approval Process

Step 8:  Recieve sanction letter from the bank

If all goes well, the bank will communicate the maximum loan amount you're eligible to receive through an official sanction letter. This letter can either be unconditional or may include specific policies to fulfill before the loan disbursal.

Step 9: Sign duplicate sanction letter copy

Once you're satisfied with the offer letter's terms, you'll need to sign a duplicate copy for the bank's records. No need to worry about administrative fees anymore; it's a thing of the past.

Note: Take your time to review the offer letter thoroughly. Ensure the interest rate aligns with what was discussed and agreed upon with the bank. Remember, you can negotiate the interest rate to secure the best deal for yourself.

Ensuring Legal Authenticity - Processing Property Papers and Legal Check

This step focuses on the vital task of processing the property papers and conducting a thorough legal check.

Step 10: Choose the property you want to purchase

Once you've accepted the offer letter, it's time to turn your attention to the home property you intend to purchase. When you've chosen the property, it's important to submit all the original property documents to the bank. These include details like the seller's name, identification, and address proofs, property name and address, and a chain of written documents if the seller isn't the primary owner. Additionally, NOCs (No Objection Certificates) from various authorities may be required. Even if you haven't finalized the property yet, you can request some time to make your decision.

Step 11: Legal Check of Submitted Documents

The submitted property papers undergo a meticulous legal check by the bank's lawyer. This step ensures that the sale papers between you and the seller are verified and in order. A technical check is also conducted by a property expert to ensure the property's quality and construction status. This expert, employed by the bank or an external civil engineer/architect, visits the property site and assesses construction progress, layout, permissions, and certificates.

Note: Throughout this phase, some fees may be involved for the technical check and site estimation. These fees might be included in the upfront amount or charged separately.

Sealing the Deal - The Final Loan Deal

Step 12: Drafting final registration of the deal

After the technical check and site estimation, and once the lawyer ensures all paperwork is in order, it's time for the final registration of the deal. The bank's lawyer will draft and stamp the loan documents, getting everything ready for the next crucial step.

Step 13: Signing the home loan agreement

With all paperwork completed, you'll be asked to sign the home loan agreement. To initiate the process, you'll also submit post-dated cheques for the agreed-upon duration, usually the first 36 months. Additionally, you'll hand over the original property papers to the bank, and in some cases, there might even be a video recording of this event for security and proof.

Step 14: Loan Disbursal

Once the paperwork is signed and legally verified, it's time for the moment of loan disbursal. You'll receive the loan amount via cheque. But before that, you'll need to submit some essential documents to the bank as your personal contribution to the home property.

You need to submit evidence for additional funds to facilitate partial loan disbursement. The resulting cheque is typically handed over to the seller, development/society authority, or builder.

In special cases of overpayment from your account: If you've paid more than the required amount for the property, the bank takes notice. The bank may give you the cheque directly: As a reimbursement, the bank might hand you the cheque instead of giving it to the seller, development authority, or builder.

Every day counts after the loan approval, as interest rates start accruing from that day onwards. So, ensure the cheque is taken on the specified delivery date to avoid paying additional interest.

Comprehensive View of Housing Loan Procedure

  • Application Form Filling: Begin by filling out the home loan application form and attaching the necessary documents. This is your first step towards homeownership.
  • Invest in the Process: Pay the processing fee. Consider it a small investment towards securing your dream home.
  • Engage in Dialogue: Have a discussion with the bank. This is your chance to ask questions, clarify doubts, and understand the process better.
  • Document Valuation: The bank will then evaluate your documents. This step is crucial in determining your eligibility for the loan.
  • Approval Time: Next comes the sanction/approval process. If all goes well, you're one step closer to your dream home.
  • Offer in Hand: Once approved, you'll receive an offer letter. This document outlines the terms and conditions of your loan.
  • Legalities Matter: Your property papers will then be processed and a legal check will be conducted. This ensures that the property you're investing in has a clear title.
  • Technical Check: A technical check and site estimation will be conducted. This is to ensure that the property is structurally sound and worth the investment.
  • Seal the Deal: After these checks, the final loan deal is processed. You're almost there!
  • Sign on the Dotted Line: You'll then sign the agreement. This is a legally binding document, so make sure you understand all the terms.
  • Funds in Hand: Finally, the loan amount is disbursed. Congratulations, you're now officially on your way to becoming a homeowner!

FAQs About Home Loan Process

The time required to get a home loan can vary from 7 days to a month, but the document review process typically takes just 1-2 days or even less if everything is in order. However, the entire process from application to disbursement can take a few weeks.

The process of housing loans involves several steps: filling out the application, attaching necessary documents, paying the processing fee, having your documents evaluated by the bank, getting approval, receiving an offer letter, conducting a legal check on the property, a technical check and site estimation, signing the agreement, and finally, the loan amount is disbursed. 

Full disbursement in a housing loan means that the entire loan amount has been released. This typically happens after all the paperwork is signed and legally verified. 

The home loan EMI starts accruing interest from the day of loan approval. Therefore, it's important to take the cheque on the specified delivery date to avoid paying additional interest. 

The documents required for a home loan typically include income proof, identity (ID) proof, age proof, address proof, employment details, educational certificates, bank statements, and property details (if finalized).

Yes, home loans are based on salary. The bank reviews details like your monthly and yearly income, among other factors, to determine your ability to repay the loan with the set interest rate. 

The ease of getting a house loan in India can depend on various factors, including your income, credit score, the property you wish to purchase, and the bank's terms and conditions. 

The amount of home loan you can get on a 10 lakh salary would depend on various factors, including the bank's terms and conditions, your credit score, and other financial obligations. The bank will communicate the maximum loan amount you're eligible to receive through an official sanction letter. 

Published on 11th December 2023