PM SVAMITVA Scheme for Property Ownership: All You Need to Know


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Last updated on 26th June 2024

The Pradhan Mantri SVAMITVA (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) Scheme also known as PM SVAMITVA Yojana is a revolutionary initiative by the Government of India aimed at providing rural property owners with accurate land records and ownership rights. Launched on April 24, 2020, this scheme seeks to address long-standing issues related to property disputes and unclear ownership in rural India. Here’s everything you need to know about the PM SVAMITVA Scheme:

Table of Contents

Objectives of the SVAMITVA Scheme

  1. Grant Property Rights: Provide rural property owners with property cards that clearly demarcate ownership.
  2. Reduce Disputes: Minimize property disputes by creating accurate land records.
  3. Enable Financial Inclusion: Facilitate access to bank loans by providing legal ownership documents.
  4. Boost Rural Economy: Empower property owners to use their property as a financial asset.
  5. Streamline Tax Collection: Assist local governments in efficiently collecting property taxes.

Suggested read: Benefits of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana

Key Features of the SVAMITVA Scheme

  1. Drone Technology: The scheme uses drone technology to survey land parcels in rural areas, ensuring high accuracy and efficiency in mapping.
  2. Property Cards: Property owners receive a physical property card (Svamitva card) that certifies their ownership. This card can be used as a legal document for various purposes.
  3. Digital Mapping: Land parcels are digitally mapped using Geographic Information System (GIS) technology, which helps in maintaining and updating land records accurately.
  4. Community Participation: The scheme involves local communities in the surveying process to ensure transparency and accuracy.
    Integration with Government Systems: The property records are integrated with existing government systems to streamline land administration.

Implementation Process of the SVAMITVA Scheme

  1. Preparation and Planning: States identify villages to be surveyed and create awareness among villagers about the scheme.
  2. Drone Survey: Drones are deployed to capture high-resolution images of land parcels.
  3. Data Processing: The captured data is processed using GIS technology to create detailed maps.
  4. Verification: Local communities and authorities verify the maps and resolve any disputes.
  5. Issuance of Property Cards: Once verified, property cards are issued to the owners, certifying their ownership.

Suggested read: Eligibility Criteria of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana

Eligibility Criteria of the SVAMITVA Scheme

To be eligible for the SVAMITVA scheme, the following criteria must be met:

  1. Property Location: The applicant should have a property in a rural inhabited (Abadi) area.
  2. Residency: The applicant must be a resident of the village where the SVAMITVA scheme is being implemented.

Exclusions of the SVAMITVA Scheme

Certain properties and individuals may be excluded from the SVAMITVA scheme:

  1. Agricultural lands are not covered under this scheme, which focuses solely on residential properties in rural inhabited areas.
  2. Properties located in urban or municipal areas are not eligible for the SVAMITVA scheme.
  3. Commercial, industrial, or other non-residential properties may not be eligible.
  4. Individuals who are not Indian citizens are not eligible to apply for this scheme.

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Application Process (Offline) for the SVAMITVA Scheme

Below is the step-by-step guide for the SVAMITVA scheme application process:

Pre-Survey Activities

Step 1: Permission and Awareness:

  • Permission is sought to conduct the survey.
  • A Gram Sabha is organized to inform villagers about the survey schedule, methodology, and benefits.

Step 2: Identification and Delineation:

  • Identification, marking, and delineation of properties, including government assets, Gram Sabha land parcels, individual properties, roads, and open plots, are carried out.

Step 3: Public Notification:

  • A public notification is issued for the survey area.
  • Permission is obtained for drone flights.

Survey Activities

Step 1: CORS Network Establishment:

  • The Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) network is established, and ground control points are set up.

Step 2: Drone Survey:

  • Drone images are acquired and processed to generate digital maps.

Post-Survey Activities

Step 1: Inquiry/Objection Process:

  • An inquiry and objection process is initiated to verify land parcel ownership and resolve disputes.
  • Property cards are issued to village household owners.

Step 2: Record Maintenance:

  • Regular updates and maintenance of records are ensured.
  • Training and capacity-building sessions are conducted for government officials involved in the scheme.

Required Documents for the SVAMITVA Scheme

When applying for the SVAMITVA scheme, the following documents are typically required:

Identity Proof of the Property Owners:

  1. Aadhar Card
  2. Voter ID
  3. Passport
  4. PAN Card

Proof of Ownership of the Property:

  1. Existing property papers or any proof of property ownership.
  2. Property tax receipts (if applicable).

Additional Documents:

  1. Any other documents required by the Revenue Officials for verification purposes.

Benefits of the SVAMITVA Scheme

  1. Legal Ownership: Rural property owners receive legal recognition of their property, reducing disputes and enhancing security.
  2. Access to Credit: Property cards can be used to secure loans from banks, enabling economic development.
  3. Improved Governance: Accurate land records aid in better local governance and efficient tax collection.
  4. Economic Growth: Clear property rights can stimulate investment and development in rural areas.
  5. Empowerment: The scheme empowers rural residents by providing them with legal documentation of their property.

Challenges and Solutions of the SVAMITVA Scheme

  1. Awareness and Acceptance: Educating rural communities about the benefits and processes of the scheme is crucial. Extensive awareness campaigns and community meetings can help.
  2. Technical Challenges: Ensuring the accuracy of drone surveys and data processing requires technical expertise. Collaborations with technology partners can address these issues.
  3. Dispute Resolution: Property disputes may arise during the verification process. Establishing local committees for dispute resolution can facilitate smoother implementation.

Current Status and Future Prospects

As of now, the SVAMITVA Scheme has been successfully implemented in several states, with thousands of property cards issued to rural property owners. The government aims to expand the scheme nationwide, covering all villages in the coming years. This ambitious initiative is expected to transform rural land ownership, bringing about significant economic and social benefits.

The PM SVAMITVA Scheme is a groundbreaking step towards transforming rural India by providing clear property ownership and fostering economic development. By leveraging advanced technology and involving local communities, the scheme aims to create a transparent and efficient land administration system. As the scheme progresses, it holds the promise of unlocking the true potential of rural India, empowering millions of property owners, and paving the way for a more prosperous future.

Note: For detailed and up-to-date information, it is recommended to visit the official SVAMITVA scheme website or contact the local Panchayati Raj office.

To apply for the SVAMITVA (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) scheme, follow these steps:

  • Visit the Official Website: Go to the SVAMITVA portal or the official website of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
  • Register: If you are a new user, register on the portal with your details.
  • Login: Log in using your credentials.
  • Application Form: Fill out the application form available on the portal with accurate details.
  • Submit Documents: Upload the required documents, such as identity proof and property details.
  • Submit Application: Review your application and submit it.

Eligibility for the SVAMITVA scheme includes:

  • Rural Property Owners: Individuals who own property in rural areas.
  • Village Residents: Residents of villages where the scheme is being implemented.
  • Indian Citizens: Must be an Indian citizen.

Benefits of the SVAMITVA scheme include:

  • Property Rights: Provides rural property owners with official property cards, granting legal ownership rights.
  • Dispute Resolution: Helps in resolving property disputes through accurate land mapping and clear ownership records.
  • Loan Access: Enables property owners to use their property as collateral to access loans and other financial services.
  • Development Planning: Aids in better village-level planning and infrastructure development.
  • Government Schemes: Facilitates easier access to various government schemes and benefits.

The target of the SVAMITVA scheme is to map and survey residential properties in rural India using drone technology and provide property cards to owners, covering all rural households across the country.

Objectives of the SVAMITVA scheme include:

  • Property Ownership: Granting rural property owners with legal ownership rights through property cards.
  • Accurate Mapping: Creating accurate and detailed land records using drone technology.
  • Dispute Resolution: Reducing property disputes by providing clear and verifiable ownership records.
  • Economic Empowerment: Enabling rural residents to leverage property ownership for financial benefits such as loans.
  • Improved Governance: Enhancing village-level planning, development, and governance through precise land data.

The "award" of the SVAMITVA scheme refers to the issuance of property cards (also known as "Svamitva cards") to rural property owners. These cards serve as legal documentation of property ownership, which can be used for various official and financial purposes, including obtaining loans, settling disputes, and participating in development schemes.

Published on 26th June 2024