What Are The Options for Repayment of Housing Loans in India?

repayment of housing loan


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Last updated on 26th March 2024

Securing a home is a dream cherished by many, and housing loans in India have made this dream a reality for countless individuals and families. 77% of Gen Z, those aged 18 to 26, have their sights set on owning a home. It's an impressive statistic by Mintel that highlights the strong desire for homeownership among this generation. But, owning a home involves more than just dreams; it's about understanding the practicalities of repayment of housing loans in India. 

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Repaying a housing loan is a significant financial commitment that spans several years, often decades. In this blog, we'll talk about the various home loan repayment options, making it easy to grasp for Gen Z and anyone else looking to navigate the world of loans from housing finance companies. Our goal is to make this journey simple and achievable, whether you are a young aspiring homeowner or simply looking for clarity on repayment strategies including home loan early repayment. Read to know the best way to repay home loans and gain insights into managing your mortgage repayments.

Choosing the Best Home Loan Repayment Plan

Now that you understand the fundamental concepts of housing loan repayment, let's explore the various repayment options available in India.

1. Regular EMI Repayment

This is the most common and straightforward repayment option. Under regular EMI repayment, you pay a fixed EMI amount each month, comprising both principal repayment of home loan and interest components. This option provides predictability and stability in your monthly budgeting and is often considered a reliable approach for repayment planning.

Suggested read:  Reduce home loan EMI

2. Step-Up Repayment

Step-up repayment plans are designed to accommodate borrowers whose income is expected to increase over time. In this option, you start with lower EMIs in the initial years and gradually increase them as your income grows. This can be advantageous for young professionals or those with a potential for higher earnings in the future. This is because they might not have enough funds to pay huge EMIs during the start of their careers. However, as their career progresses and their financial prospects start to improve, they are in a better position to manage an increase in their EMIs.

3. Step-Down Repayment

Conversely, step-down repayment plans are ideal for borrowers nearing retirement or those who anticipate a reduction in income. With this option, you begin with higher EMIs, which gradually decrease over the loan tenure. This ensures that your loan is paid off before your income decreases significantly.

4. Bullet Repayment

Bullet repayment is a unique option where you pay only the interest during the loan tenure and settle the repayment of principal amount of housing loan in a lump sum at the end of the loan tenure. This is suitable for individuals who expect a substantial windfall, such as a bonus or an inheritance, that can be used to repay the principal.

5. Flexible Loan Account (FLA)

A Flexible Loan Account allows you to deposit surplus funds into your housing loan account whenever you have extra money. This reduces the outstanding loan balance, resulting in interest savings. FLA gives you the flexibility to repay your loan faster while minimizing the home loan interest rate of banks

Suggested read: Subsidy on Home Loan

6. Prepayment

If you have some surplus money, you can use it to pay off your Home Loan faster. Prepayment of home loan involves making extra payments towards your housing loan principal, thereby reducing the outstanding balance and, consequently, the interest payable. Most lenders allow partial prepayments without charging any penalty, making it an attractive option for those considering home loan early repayment to minimize their overall financial burden.  It can be a great way to help you achieve financial objectives faster giving you more flexibility to plan for your future.

7. Foreclosure

Foreclosure is the complete repayment of your housing loan before the scheduled tenure ends. While it's an option, it may involve home loan foreclosure charges, depending on the terms of your loan agreement. Understanding the implications of foreclosure is crucial, especially when considering your home credit loan repayment strategy. Additionally, it can help to reduce the burden of interest payments in the long run. 

Basics of Housing Loan Repayment

To better understand the repayment options, let's first understand the basics of the Indian housing loan repayment process.

1. Loan EMI (Equated Monthly Installment)

The key to understanding repayment of housing loans in India starts with the Equated Monthly Installment (EMI). An EMI is a fixed monthly payment that comprises both the principal amount borrowed and the interest charged by the lender. EMIs ensure that you gradually repay the loan over its tenure, making it an essential aspect of home loan repayments.

2. Loan Tenure

The loan tenure refers to the duration over which you repay your housing loan. It typically ranges from 5 to 30 years, depending on the lender and your eligibility. A longer tenure results in lower EMIs, but you end up paying more interest over time.

3. Interest Rate

Interest rates for housing loans in India vary from one lender to another and can be either fixed or floating. A fixed interest rate remains constant throughout the tenure, while a floating rate fluctuates based on market conditions. When considering your home loan repayments, it's essential to weigh the pros and cons of these interest rate types. Some borrowers prefer the stability of a fixed rate and in contrast, others opt for a floating rate to potentially take advantage of market fluctuations.

Suggested read: Housing Loan for Bank Employees


You can make the right choices that suit your financial circumstances and aspirations by knowing the repayment options for housing loans in India. Remember to assess your options carefully, consider your financial goals, and take advantage of the tax benefits available to make your journey toward homeownership as smooth and cost-effective as possible. Your dream home is within reach, and responsible loan repayment is the key to unlocking that door.

FAQs about Repayment of Housing Loans

Repayment of the principal amount of a housing loan is eligible for a deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. You can claim deductions up to a maximum limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh per annum.

Repayment of the principal amount of a housing loan qualifies for tax benefits under Section 80C, as mentioned earlier. However, the interest component can also provide tax benefits under Section 24(b) and Section 80EEA, subject to certain conditions.

Repaying a home loan early can have financial benefits, including reduced interest costs and becoming debt-free sooner. However, it's essential to consider factors like prepayment penalties and your overall financial goals before deciding to repay early.

The rule for home loan repayment involves making Equated Monthly Installments (EMIs) comprising both principal and interest payments over the loan tenure. You can also explore various repayment options such as step-up, step-down, or bullet repayment, depending on your financial goals.

Yes, you can claim deductions under both Section 24 and Section 80EEA for a home loan. Section 24 provides deductions on the interest paid, while Section 80EEA offers additional deductions on the interest component for first-time homebuyers.

The maximum home loan repayment period can vary depending on the lender and your eligibility. Typically, it can range from 5 to 30 years.

The home loan repayment process involves making regular EMIs, which include both principal and interest payments, to the lender. You can choose from various repayment options and make payments through bank transfers or automated deductions.

Yes, you can reduce the home loan tenure by making prepayments or higher EMIs. By doing so, you can save on interest costs and become debt-free faster. However, it's important to check with your lender for any prepayment penalties or terms and conditions.

Published on 27th September 2023